HIV infection rates, are quite high for transgender women. Just put things into a bit of perspective The American Psychological Association has found 1 in 10,000 of transgender people was reported as male at birth. So that’s 1 in 10,000 women are transgender females.
However, the true numbers are not known. Transgender people are reported by psychologists once diagnosed, and there is no other way of reporting transgender cases. (Examiner, 2009)
Qualitative research into the health of transgender women shows that there are many ecological and psychosocial reasons why trans women contribute to higher reported HIV infections and other health problems. Some other contributors to the greater number of reported HIV cases are discrimination, stigma, health service barriers, and inadequate social support. (Nemoto, Operario, Keatley, Nguyen & Sugano, 2005) On top of many health providers not having the proper training or understanding in dealing with transgender-related health care. Many insurance providers do not cover sexual reassignment surgeries. With many of these surgeries not covered, and the costs of having to pay out of pocket many trans women turn to the sex industry. For a means to be able to pay for these surgeries out of desperation and depression brought on by gender identity dysphoria.
The main conclusions from this study done by TRANS has identified the follow:
- Transgender women are at a higher risk of HIV infection and related health problems. They also have a greater distrust and underuse of general medical and social services.
- The Trans community in San Francisco created programs that would create safe places for transgender women. Where they can discuss gender history, sexual risk, depression and even substance abuse.
- Their studies have shown that it has helped Trans women reduce their usage of substances, sexual risks, and helped with depression.
- Working together with other researchers and members of the Trans community and health providers is vital to working within the transgender community.
- Interventions for transgender women are believed to be better suited to be delivered by transgender counterparts.
A vast array of questions was asked ranging from Questions that addressed demographic characteristics, sexual behavior, and drug use during sex was adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National HIV Behavioral Surveillance Survey. They were able to find self-reported HIV and STF status along with testing history. HIV rates are reported to be 27.3% in transgender sex workers (TGSW) compared with 15.1% in male sex workers and 4.5% for female sex workers. The research shows this to be higher than none sex working male to female transgender people. However, they did state that more research needs to be done in none sex working trans women as the data is not accurate. (Reisner, Mimiaga, Bland, Mayer, Perkovich & Safren, 2009)
Examiner. (2009, August 09). Transgender & transsexual issues 101: Are there more trans women than trans men? part one. Retrieved from http://www.examiner.com/article/transgender-transsexual-issues-101-are-there-more-trans-women-than-trans-men-part-one
Nemoto, T., Operario, D., Keatley, J., Nguyen, H., & Sugano, E. (2005, March). Promoting health for transgender women: Transgender resources and neighborhood space (trans) program in San Francisco. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1449187/
Reisner, S. L., Mimiaga, M. J., Bland, S., Mayer, K., Perkovich, B., & Safren, S. A. (2009, Sep-Oct). Hiv risk and social networks among male-to-female transgender sex workers in Boston, Massachusetts. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3677528/Tweet #TransHopeUnited